Juvenile courts should consider minors best interest through promotion of a more sophisticated and less confrontational adjudication. It should avoid duplication of the criminal court model and protect the fundamental rights of the juveniles. Minors have the right to receive notice of charges, obtain legal counsel, confrontation and cross-examination, privilege against self-incrimination, right to receive a transcript of the proceedings, and the right to appellate review.
Juveniles can be transferred into adult court through judicial court waives, statutory exclusion, and through direct file. Other mechanisms includes presumptive court waives which mandates a juvenile transfer into adult court. A juvenile will always be prosecuted in adult court regardless of the offences committed. Conditions put fourth includes, the seriousness of the offences, and the need to protect the community, therefore, the nature of the offence should be a more important factor in the transfers of juvenile in adult court.
Juvenile community corrections provide pre-sentencing alternatives to children's courts, and juveniles must adhere to plans including intensive supervision, educational and employment assistance, community services and victim restitution, institutional transition services as well. There are services to prepare juveniles for successful home reintegration.
Related Justice essays